The plastic, considered an environmental problem
Much of our food and oxygen from the air we breathe comes mainly from the sea and the world's oceans, without forgetting that they play a vital role for commercial activities. Nevertheless, the seas and oceans in conjunction with marine biodiversity are constantly threatened as a result of human activities, between which contamination is of plastic.
It is believed that the 40% of the world's oceans are affected by this type of pollution and waste generated negatively impacts biodiversity, as millions of species ingest these wastes or become entangled in them, causing not only death, but also avoids reproduction. The United Nations estimates that "oceans contain about 200.000 species identified, but the actual figures may be on the order of millions ". For example, the leatherback turtle, a species of sea turtle, gobble plastic bags because mistaken for jellyfish, which puts them critically endangered.
"The oceans absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by human beings " (United Nations), which is why we protect and maintain the health of the oceans is everyone's responsibility, because in this way we preserve marine resources and reduce the impact of global warming. Eliminate the use of plastic, communicate messages about why we should protect marine life and perform cleanups on beaches, are some of the practices and activities we have to do to mitigate environmental degradation, otherwise "climate change will increase the cost of damage to the oceans in other 322.000 million annually by 2050 " (United Nations).
It is estimated that plastic takes hundreds of years to decompose and in the central areas of the seas, more plastic food. "A study of 2010 estimated that 5 Y 13 million metric tons of plastic end up in the sea every year " (Plastic kills). For example, plastic bags are delayed more than 150 years to biodegrade, since they are "composed of polyethylene, same as that obtained by the oil and is a nonrenewable resource " (ExpokNews).
It is evident that plastic pollution is a serious environmental problem, so businesses and consumers should reduce and curb the use of this material. According to a report by the United Nations Program for Environment (UNEP), "Plastic consumption generates annual environmental costs 75 billion dollars as a result of marine pollution and air from the incineration of this material " (Time). Improve management of recycling and control the use of plastic from our homes are some small practices we can adopt to mitigate this great problem.
Nevertheless, there are those who make use of plastics to improve the quality of life of poor people. The Foundation for Scientific Research and Technological Development, FICIDET, It makes use of this material to build plastic houses architectural type. These houses can be made with approximately 9 a 10 tons of plastic, 50% polyethylene and 50% Polypropylene. Recycled plastic blocks that are made by extrusion, contain thermoplastic polyolefins are high rigidity, crystallinity, high melting point and excellent chemical resistance. This project called BRICKARP, promote social welfare, It helps to protect the environment and no pollution.
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